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tv   CBS News Sunday Morning  CBS  July 4, 2010 9:00am-10:30am EDT

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captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations >> osgood: good morning and happy fourth of july. i'm charles osgood and this is sunday morning. today is independence day, the 234th anniversary of a declaration that got america a place in the family of nations. all these years later a new generation of patriots is spreading the word about
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america and its principles. these envoys strive always to strike the right note. tracy smith will be reporting our sunday morning cover story. ♪ the highway to heaven >> reporter: diplomacy never sounded so good. when the u.s. government really wants to wow people overseas, they'll send in the band. are there times when a musician can do your job better than you can? >> well, i think that there are certainly times when music conveys american values better than a speech. >> reporter: america's musical ambassadors later on sunday morning. >> osgood: frame to frame is a holiday look at a greatly loved american artist. and the inspiration he provided to a pair of film makers. rita braver will be tracking the connections. >> reporter: when you compare this 1935 norman rockwell painting to a shot of indiana
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jones, you begin to understand george lucas and steven spielberg's fascination with the artist's work. >> he got a rockwell so i went out and got a bigger rockwell. >> then i went out and go two more. >> reporter: later on sunday morning, making magic on canvas and at the movies. >> osgood: citizen lear is the man behind several classic tv comedies and a man who takes our declaration of independence very much to heart. bill whitaker this morning will be paying him a visit. >> my name is norman lear. >> reporter: once upon a time, norman lear was the busiest man in show business with hit after tv hit in the 1970s. >> what channel is cronkite on? >> channel 2, archie, the one we don't watch because you always say walter cronkite is a communist. >> reporter: he walked away from tv years ago. but today at age 87 he's as
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busy as ever. so there's no slowing down? >> no, there's no slowing down. >> reporter: we'll find out what makes tv legend norman lear run later this sunday morning. >> osgood: eating it up is a peculiar holiday pastime of certain hyper competitive folks. bill geist will have the digestion-defying details. >> reporter: forget wimbledon and the world cup. eve got something more popular than tennis and soccer combined. eating. >> joey chestnut now eating about two dogs at once. >> reporter: later on sunday morning. >> osgood: jeff glor shows us a man committed to rebuilding a hard hit industrial town. jerry bowen shows us a skill maker of razor-shop knives who also spent some time on the fourth with the boston pops and more. but first the headlines for this sunday morning the fourth of july t.2010. vice president joe biden is
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spending the july 4 holiday in iraq. meeting with u.s. troops and hoping to put an end to a political steal mate. he'll sit down with iraqi leaders who have been at odds over who should form the next government there. the march election is without a clear leader. general david petraeus has formally assumed command of coalition forces in afghanistan today. during a ceremony at nato headquarters in kabul petraeus said, quote, we are in this to win. the drug enforcement administration says it helped to capture this submarine capable of carrying tons of cocaine. the nine-foot high, 100-foot long diesel electric sub was built for transatlantic drug trafficking but was seized before it could make its maiden voyage. on day 76 of the b.p. oil spill clean-up crews working along the gust coast are about to get much needed help. taiwanese ship said to be the world's largest oil skimer made test runs in the gulf of
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mexico yesterday. the vessel called a whale apparently can cleanse up to 21 million gallons of oil-fowled water a day. in lima peru van der sloot is suing the lawyer who represented him when he confessed to killing a peruian woman. he has since recanted that confession. he's the sole suspect in the 2005 disappearance of american teenager natalie holloway. in sports american serena williams bare lae broke a sweat yesterday demolishing her opponent of russia 6-3, 6-2, to win her fourth wimbledon title. the world cup play, they're down to four after germany shut out argentina yesterday 4- 0. germany and spain will meet in the semi-finals as will the netherlands and uruguay. taking a look at your fourth of july forecast, the remnants of hurricane alex will move into the southern plains. severe thunderstorms hit the northern plains. the mercury soar in the northeast. the northwest will stay cool
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and partly cloudy. ♪ soon and very soon we are going to see the king ♪ >> osgood: ahead, citizen diplomats putting america's best foot forward. >> my name is norman lear. >> osgood: and pioneering tv producer norman lear. ♪ songsgs,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
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>> osgood: the declaration of independence refers to a decent respect for the opinions of mankind. winning over modern day world opinion is precisely what some low-key citizen ambassadors are trying to do right now. striking the right note is the key to that nation as tracy smith reports now in our sunday morning cover story. >> reporter: on any given day, somewhere in the world they're lining up to hate us. but even in places where they denounce the u.s., the u.s. government is in many cases reaching out with music. >> we have no apprehensions about representing american music around the world. >> reporter: jazz great wynton marsalis is part of that effort. >> they want to love our country. we have to present them a side that is lovable ♪ soon and very soon we are going to see the king ♪ >> reporter: and this is how
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the lovable side sounds. ♪ soon and very soon we are going to see the king ♪ >> reporter: these singers, oscar williams and the perfected praise, are now on tour in eastern europe. ♪ hallelujah > they're just one of the music groups the u.s. state department sends around the world every year representing america. the program, called the rhythm road, is a $10 million a year effort in parership with the jazz at lincoln center organization. there's no speech making, no u.s. aid handouts, just americans performing american songs. in this kind of diplomatic mission, the music does all the talking. >> for an american performer or group to come give people a chance to, in their own imagination at least, think about what might be. >> reporter: secretary of state hillary clinton.
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are there times when a musician can do your job better than you can? >> well, i think that there are certainly times when music conveys american values better than a speech. snfert it's not a new idea. beginning in the 1950, the state department sent musicians like duke ellington, dizzy los angeles pee, luis armstrong and others to diplomatic hot spots overseas. the interesting thing is at that time a lot of those guys didn't agree with the policies of our government but they still represented our government overseas. >> because they weren't representing the government. they were representing the people. they recognized that many times the government does not necessarily act with the will of its people. >> reporter: politics aside, the musical ambassadors played the world. by late 1961 jazz icon dave brew beck was a state department tour veteran.
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>> dave, you've been all over the world now. do you think that people around the world react the same way to music? >> rhythm is an international language. >> reporter: now 89, the years may have taken a little of the spring out of his step. but dave brubeck's belief in the power of music burns as bright as ever. >> i'll tell you the more exchange with artists, all kinds of artists, the better this world will be. >> reporter: it's not clear how much music can shape world events, but for one brief, shining moment in 1988, dave brubeck's jazz quartet did what mere diplomacy could not. you actually went to moscow. you were in moscow when reagan and gorbachev.... >> at the summit sfrt at the summit. as i understand it, they were at a standstill. and then you and your quartet
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got up to play. what happened in that room? >> the simplest thing. the room started keeping time. all these people that almost hated each other were swinging. >> reporter: altogether? >> altogether. >> reporter: his performance even gru praise from secretary of state george shultz. george shultz came up to you. >> he did, yeah. >> reporter: what did he say? >> he said, you kind of saveded the summit. >> reporter: you saved the summit. you chuckle when you say that. >> yeah, because it's so unbelievable, you know. >> reporter: brubeck has now retired from overseas touring. and in so many other ways the world has changed. the state department now sends music groups to places like syria, a country on the list of state-sponsors of terrorism.
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but where jazz was the coolest sound in the 1950s, the young target audience in syria today calls for a totally different kind of music. ♪ it's good to see you, mama ♪ > meet the liberation family. a hip hop band from brooklyn, new york. why would the state department pay to send a hip hop band overseas? >> hip hop is america. i mean, so is jazz. so is every other form of music with american roots that tell a story. >> reporter: when they told you that you were going to syria, what did you think? >> didn't know what to think. at first. >> reporter: instead of a big concert hall, his venue was a converted restaurant packed with curious kids.
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but from the opening note it was clear that the syrian teens liked what they heard. some kids said the experience changed their minds about americans. >> we think that americans look down on us. >> reporter: these guys showed you something different? >> yes, they were nothing like anyone ever said about americans. >> reporter: do you feel like you connected with those people like in at least in that sense for that moment you made a difference? >> no question. definitely. the impact was felt i think in both ways. i know i was affected. >> i know it sounds like it's very basic, but sometimes you have to get back to basics. we have to rebuild, you know, the image of our country, who
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we are as a people. you know, we are the most incredibly diverse, successful freedom-loving people in the history of the world. i want everybody to understand that. >> reporter: you say it sounds a little basic. to some people it sounds kum-ba- ya. like let's go to syria, throw a free concert and hold hands in peace. >> it may be a little bit hopeful because i can't point to a change in syrian policy because chen lo and the liberation family showed up. but i think we have to use every tool at our disposal so we move a lot of different pieces on the chess board every day. it's multidimensional chess, if you will. hip cop can be a chess piece. absolutely. >> reporter: and maybe music can be a bridge. >> musicians are not there to take anything. we're there to give something and to bring something.
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we're not there to proselytize. we're there to play. i think people understand that. >> osgood: next, a feast of historic force. done? and get this year's colors up on the wall...this year. let's get better prices... and better paint. let's break out the drop cloths, rollers, brushes, and tape. let's start small. then go big. no matter what the budget. and when we're done, let's take a bow. more saving. more doing. that's the power of the home depot. right now, get $5 off any one-gallon can of any behr or glidden paint.
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>> osgood: and now a page from our sunday morning almanac on the fourth of july. a number of fourths, in fact. we remember first the fourth of july 1776 and our declaration of independence. thomas jefferson wrote the words. years later our old friend charles krult read them aloud. >> we hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. ♪ >> osgood: jefferson went on to become president succeeding his arch rival john adams. years later they reconciled and died within hours of each other on july 4, 1826. the 50th anniversary of independence.
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president james monroe was a jefferson protege and the author of the monroe doctrine which warned against foreign meddling in the americas. monroe died on the fourth of july 1831. fast forward to the fourth of july 1872, the birthday of president calvin coolidge. >> he was the first president to be afflicted by the news reel camera. the cameraman ask him to do all sorts of silly, homely things. and president coolidge must have thought it was his duty to do them. >> osgood: speaking of duty charles kuralt always thought it was his to show us the simple truth about our country which he did right here on cbs both in his "on the road" reports. >> we're off again to meet a few people on the back roads of america. >> osgood: and as a founding anchorman of sunday morning. >> good morning. here begins something new. >> reporter: i once asked charles how he managed in our skeptical age to show such
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admiration for the people he reported on. >> i suspended my skepticism a long time ago. it's so much more fun, unsophisticated, maybe unprofessional, it's so much more fun just to sit there and enjoy the guy. >> reporter:. >> osgood: we enjoyed and learned from all the things charles kuralt showed us about america over the years. on the 13th anniversary of his death 1997 on the fourth of july, we remember him. ahead.... >> i'm going to cut this rope with one swipe. >> reporter: living on the cutting edge. a heart attack at 57. that was a rough time. my doctor told me i should've been doing more for my high cholesterol. ♪
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>> osgood: if you're cutting and trimming meat for your fourth of july barbecue, you'll want to be very careful particularly if your knife is very sharp. our jerry bowen has been to see the maker of some of the sharpest knives around. >> reporter: welcome to the grinding, pounding world of hand made knives. where bob kramer has forged a distinguished reputation. how good are you at what you do? >> pretty good. i'm pretty good. >> reporter: talk about understatements. the 51-year-old kramer is so good that his premium knives sell for $400 an inch. that's $3200 for your basic
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eight-inch chef's knife. his hand crafted blades so much in demand that the wait for one is 14 months and growing. pretty good for a guy who early in life struggled with dyslexia and what to do with himself. >> i bounced around. i mean it was a bit like a pinball game. i was trying to figure out how to fit in and what i was going to do. >> reporter: kramer worked as a clown in the ringling brothers circus. he took up sailing. he spent time as a chef and a traveling knife sharpener. and then one day he looked at knives in a whole new way as something he could make. >> i thought, this is great. i'm hooked. this is a beautiful skill. no one can take it from me. this is a fraternity that i wanted to belong to. >> thank you. hi, my name is bob and i'm addicted to knives. >> reporter: he not only belongs. he's a star. when he's not making knives, he's on the road teaching
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knife skills. >> i want to cut the skin off and then get rid of the core. so i'm going to use a narrower knife. >> reporter: and promoting his less costly retail line of kitchen cutlery. kramer's not just a knife maker. he's a master blade smith. one of only 116 in the world. an honor earned after passing a rigorous examination by the america blade smith society including forging a variety of knives from raw steel and putting one of them to the test. >> i'm going to cut this rope with one swipe hopefully. that's the first part of the test. >> reporter: severing a one-inch rope, chopping through a 2 x 4 but still having a sharp enough edge to shave the hair on his arm and demonstrating the blade's flexibility by putting it in a vice and bending it 90 degrees without breaking it. >> 90 degrees, no breaking. >> reporter: for fun kramer threw in cutting paper and
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slicing water bottles. >> water, anyone? >> reporter: and that was after he had used the same knife to cut into a bolt. >> you can see there's no damage to the edge of the knife. >> reporter: kramer makes his knives, up to five a week, at his foundry and workshop on the edge of olympia washington with the help of one employee. producing his premium knives, the damascus steel blades, involves fusing several grades of steel in a furnish ace running 2500 degrees hot, pounding the glowing mass into shape with a mechanical hammer, eventually cutting and grinding the blade into final form. >> it's tough. it's hard on your eyes. it's hard on your elbow, on your wrist. hard on your ears. you have to wear a respirator. this is very dirty environment. >> reporter: heirloom beauty forged in fire and revealed in
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an acid bath. >> this is basically like our developer. if we had a negative we would put it in here to develop. >> reporter: what develops on the blade's surface are exotic, random patterns that resulted from mixing the steels and compressing them into an incredible 400 ultrathin layers. each blade, some 25 hours in the making, is unique. >> i've spent three days before just forge, welding and folding steel to achieve a particular pattern. >> reporter: later kramer adds his name and a handle crafted from box elder wood and revels in the magic of this life he's carved out. >> i make knives so that people can enjoy using those tools to make food, nourishment for their friends and family. it's great. >> reporter: for bob kramer, the greatest little show on earth.
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>> every time i'm ready to commit to direct a movie, that's me. >> osgood: ahead, what hollywood learned from norman rockwell. but first, fourth of july with the boston pops. ,,,,,,,,,,,,
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>> it's sunday morning on cbs. and here again is charles osgood. >> osgood: which american orchestra performs the most rousing fourth of july concert? i'll tell you what i think. millions of americans would agree. every spring the properly bostonian boston symphony orchestra undergoes a musical metamorphosis changing temporarily both its name and its tune. >> we're the orchestra for people who don't know that they like orchestras. >> reporter: keith lockhart is the current conductor of the boston pops. it is celebrating its 125th anniversary. >> the pops is dedicated to breaking down barriers for a
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century and a quarter, perceived, real and imagined about the things that keep people away from being in love with great music. >> reporter: susan nelson plays bassoon. >> if i mention to people that i play in the boston pops their eyes light up. i could also say i play in the boston symphony. they go, oh, well. but if i say i play in the boston pops. >> osgood: it's really really been that way since arthur fiedler took the pops baton in the 1930s. he kept the music light while keeping the stage filled with stars like ethel merman and pearl bailey ♪ life is just a bowl of cherries ♪ ♪ hello, dolly >> osgood: feed letter loved the spotlight. his personality as much of his
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recordings of tv shows made both him and the boston pops american icons. >> anybody who was ever born for the medium of television it was arthur fiedler. he looks like a conductor should look, we think. >> reporter: few musicians know more about him than john williams the author-winning composer of music scores such as star wars. ♪ star wars theme >> he had a charisma and a personality that people embraced not only in boston but around the country, and in fact around the world. >> reporter: when fiedler died in 1979, williams took over. ♪ because i see you fire and rain ♪ >> reporter: super stars like james taylor welcomed the thrill of performing with a house band like no other. and even some lesser players have had their special moments in the pops spotlight.
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since 1995 it's been keith lockhart at the help of the pops. tonight he'll be disembarking for the july fourth concert which you can see right here on cbs. the crowd of 500,000 is expected. plus seven million or so watching on tv for a celebration of americana ending, as always, with john philip sousa's the stars and stripes forever. >> the crowd always likes it. every part of it. >> osgood: doug yo plays base trombone. >> as soon as we start playing it the audience bursts into applause. when we get to the end when the flag comes down it's a great moment. >> reporter: a boston tradition that's now an american tradition as well. the stars and stripes and the boston pops forever.
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reported sometimes less than 2 weeks after starting plavix. other rare but serious side effects may occur. >> osgood: back in 1776, americans in towns great and small were fighting to create a nation conceived in liberty. today, the citizens of a once prosperous pennsylvania town are fighting to create a new birth of prosperity to reverse the effects of the long economic decline. jeff glor shows us the then and the now. >> reporter: in the age of big steel, towns like braddock pennsylvania were the backbones of america's industrial might. >> arsenals of the steel makers. the heart of industrial america. >> reporter: a beacon for
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thousands of immigrants looking for a better life. steel baron andrew carnegie opened his first mill here. into the 1950, sidewalks were packed. stores thriving. but that was then. and this is now. the collapse of the u.s. steel industry left this borough in the shadow of pittsburgh in ruin. trains don't stop here anymore. store fronts are shuttered. homes crumbling. in fact, braddock has fallen so far the 2009 movie the rogue set in a post apocalyptic waste len was filmed on its empty streets. >> what is this place, papa? >> reporter: today 90% of the population of braddock has left. less than 3,000 people remain. the poverty rate here is three times the national average. there is no restaurant or a.t.m., no gas station or supermarket. but for those people who do remain in this small town, there is hope.
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and it comes in the form of a very large man. >> there we go. there's no chamber of commerce that you can put on a community that has endured the kind of chaos and upleavell upheaveal that a place like braddock has. >> reporter: meet the mayor, 6'8", 350 pounds. >> everywhere you see something growing there were homes here. come on in and see, you know, why we are trying so hard to save as many of these structures as we can. >> reporter: he's a man whose dreams for this shattered town match his mammoth figure. >> this is the tragic end result of what happens when a region, a town, a street, a house is effectively allowed to fail. >> reporter: the 40-year-old man wears braddock's past literally on his sleeves. his zip code tattooed on one arm. the dates of murders on the other. >> the worst days of my life
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because these are days that we lost people through senseless violence. >> reporter: just one look at him and it's hard to believe he was born into a wealthy family in eastern pennsylvania or he has a masters degree in public policy from harvard. he first showed up in braddock nine years ago doing community service. to those who ask why, why you're doing the. >> i would just really respond like why not? >> reporter: he says what he calls braddock's malignant beauty kept him here. in 2005 he ran for mayor and won by one vote. last year he was re-elected in a landslide. did you ever imagine yourself as mayor of braddock, pa? >> no. it all evolved where every investment that i made in the community, whether it was emotional, physical or financial, was rewarded. it made sense to continue on. >> reporter: his first investment in a town was his home. an old warehouse he bought for $2,000.
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you call this a million dollar view. >> yeah because from my perspective it doesn't get any better or more historic than this. >> reporter: his brazilian wife giselle shares his view. she came to braddock from new jersey three years ago on a whim after hearing about his work. >> he sees beauty here. do you see beauty? >> of course absolutely. it's everywhere you look. i think braddock is such a colorful place. >> reporter: the couple has an 18 month old son carl, another incentive to give braddock a future. how long has this project been in the works? >> the project and the idea has been in the works now for around seven years. >> reporter: he used his 401(k) to buy this historic church and is now turning it into a youth center. >> the last time stained glass was placed into a church window here in braddock as opposed to taken out? certainly it's been at least
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50 years. it's really been a really rewarding undertaking. >> reporter: even more rewarding when you consider he only makes $150 a month as mayor. he mainly supports himself and invests in braddock with money from his family. his commitment has attracted a small but growing list of urban pioneers, including a company that turns vegetable oil into biodiesel fuel. and a group from brooklyn that is transforming another old church into a new arts center, a decision that has mystified residents. what do they think about you moving here? >> i think some of them think we're crazy. >> reporter: artist ruthy stringer admits it has not been easy. are you glad you came here? >> i am. >> reporter: it's been tough. >> yes, it's challenging, but that's what makes it exciting. >> reporter: the mayor is excited too. pittsburgh investors have given money to a number of his projects including an urban farm he created to promote local produce.
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>> we have work to do. >> reporter: and levi strauss the jeanne company is launching a nationwide advertising campaign today featuring braddock residents. it's also contributing more than a million dollars to help the town. all of this investment and his oversized personality have made john federman somewhat of a media darling. you look like you received a dose of gamma radiation. you're a big man. you're a big man. >> thank you for noticing. >> reporter: you've been called america's coolest mayor. you've also been called the mayor of hell. what's right? >> well, i'd say neither are. it's just a matter of doing what i'm doing and if anyone cares, that's great just so long as it can benefit the community and the town. >> reporter: but long-time counsel president jesse brown disagrees. >> him and i don't see oi to eye. >> reporter: he says neterman cares more about his own image than the town and he's overstepping his authority. >> for some reason he's come to braddock with his
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predominantly afro american community that he seems to want to be the white savior for this community. i just feel different. >> reporter: neterman's challenges haven't just been with the town council. residents have to leave for even the most basic services. earlier this year in a devastating blow to the town's recovery, the largest business shut down. a hospital that employed 600 workers. leaving braddock without any health care. still at the local employment center, just down the street from the billowing smoke stacks of andrew carnegie's original steel mill, there's hope. >> i just got a job offer. i just took it. >> you're kidding me. that's so wonderful. >> reporter: town librarian vicki vargo says the mayor's changes have been positive. >> sometimes it takes somebody new who is not from me and says have you tried this or that?
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that's what he's done. >> reporter: resident tina agrees. >> all hope is not gone. i think this is just beginning. i think john has played an important role in putting braddock on the map. >> reporter: that may be true. >> keep up the good work. >> reporter: but john fetterman refuses to set a benchmark for success. he says he just wants to be useful and for braddock to believe it can do better. >> i like to think that there's nothing else that can be taken from the braddock story. it's that no community deserves to be abandoned. no community deserves to have the back turned on it and that there's always an ability to increase or enhance the quality of life for the residents. in fact i think if anything it's a moral imperative to do so. >> osgood: up next, hollywood's homage,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >> osgood: up next,
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>> osgood: frame to frame. the work of a beloved american artist has helped to shape the work of two of hollywood's most cutting-edge movie directors. rita braver shows us how. >> reporter: he was the quintessential american artist of his generation. creating scenes that captured turning points in life and dreams of what lies ahead. they are the quintessential american film makers of their generation. creating scenes that capture turning points in life and dreams of what lies ahead. still, you might be surprised to learn that norman rockwell's work had a profound influence on steven spielberg and george lucas. starting when they were boys inspired by the covers on the
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saturday evening post. >> he's a visual story teller. he was able to sum up the story and make you want to read the story but actually understand who the people were, what their motives were, everything, in one little frame. >> the first thing i would do is i would try to tell the story of the premise of the painting so i would basically try to finish the rockwell story based on a frame. >> reporter: it was lucas who starteded collecting rockwell. >> i couldn't believe that somebody that i knew had a living, breathing oil painting by the hand of this great american icon. i was amazeded. >> reporter: you decided to get some too. >> yeah, i copied this guy. he got a rockwell so i went out and i got a bigger rockwell. >> then i went out and got two more. >> reporter: how do you feel now that you see it all up? >> i think it's wonderful. we've never seen all these pictures in one place. >> i've never seen my pictures or george's pictures in any room, in any space. >> reporter: the first exhibit of the works they own just opened at the smithsonian
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american art museum in washington. there's shadow artist which usually hangs in lucas's office. >> it's the entertainer but the entertainer using light and motion which is where our industry started. >> reporter: boy on high dive is usually in spielberg's office. so the word is that this is your very favorite rockwell that you own. >> well, it's put it this way. this is the rockwell that every time i'm ready to make a movie, every time i'm ready to commit to direct a movie that's me. that's the feeling in my gut before i say yes to a picture. every movie is like looking off a three-meter diving board. >> i was thrilled with the quality of the collections. that these two people have. >> reporter: curator virginia mclynnberg points out that rockwell himself was intrigued by movie making.
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spending time in hollywood where he captured carry cooper on location for "the texan." >> he was just fascinated with the idea of the, quote, cow boy being made up by the tough- talking hollywood make-up man. >> he's reversing roles here. the make-match-up man is chomping on a cigar but also putting on the make-up. he's got this cloth on his lap that is smeared with rouge and lipstick. cooper is beautiful. >> reporter: and rockwell, famous for his sense of humor, might be tickled to see that one of the macho guys he painted in 1935 bears a striking resemblance to indiana jones in the 1981 lucas-spielberg collaboration. this 1941 rockwell painting called "the flirt" could be a prelude to american graffiti.
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l ument cas's tribute to small town life in the '50s. >> wait, what did you say? what did you say? >> american graffiti is a little bit more the way i grew up. and i grew up in a rockwell world. >> reporter: steven spielberg told us he consciously borrowed some of rockwell's story telling techniques. >> i did a shot in close encounters toward the end of the film when all the sign tiffs are inlooed autopsy i rockwell on my mind when i set the lens and the lighting was specifically the three quarter front light from the backside that gave that kind of nobility to all of the faces. >> reporter: ten years later in empire of the sun he paid homage to one of rockwell's most famous images, freedom from fear. >> i actually had the magazine open to that picture when they were putting the young boy, jim, to bed before everything falls apart in world war ii.
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>> norman, that's one of your war-time "for freedom"s painting, isn't it. >> reporter: in a 1959 person-to -person interview cbs news man edward r.murrow asks rockwell about the enduring popularity of those images. >> did you have any idea of how many copies have been made of those paintings. >> i don't really know. i know it runs in the millions and millions. >> i imagine there are very few americans who haven't seen those paintings at some time or another. >> i imagine so. >> reporter: but many of rockwell's fans had no idea that he composed each one of his works the way a film director sets up a shot. >> he staged all of his scenes. he picked out all the props. he organizeded the lighting. he even auditions his models to make sure that they would act out the roles that he expected them to play in his pictures. >> reporter: there's ample evidence of that at the norman
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rockwell museum in stock bridge, massachusetts. along with rockwell studio preserved as he left it and loads of his saturday evening post covers, there are also thousands of photographs that rockwell sketch and painted from. >> he had already had an idea in his mind of exactly what he wanted the models to do. >> reporter: archivist cory kansan burg says rockwell's models were usually his nensd neighbors, folks like mary whaleen leonard. >> here she is waking up. she's doing her stretches. >> reporter: she was nine years old when rockwell asked her to pose for "a day in the life of a girl." >> i love the idea of being told a story and then being part of it. >> reporter: she appeared on three saturday evening post covers including "girl with a black eye." rockwell worked hard to get that grin.
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>> he gets down onhis hands and knees and starts banging the floor and doing these and ticks to make me laugh. eventually i do it. >> reporter: of course, steven spielberg is also famed for directing kids. >> i've often admired rockwell for how tough it is sometimes to get kids to be natural. >> reporter: like steven spielberg and george lucas, norman rockwell was never afraid toson a moral message. >> i think he's left a legacy that will never be forgotten. you know, so many artists have a tendency to paint without emotion, without any connection to the audience. both steve and i are die-hard emotionalists. we love to connect with the audience. rockwell loved to connect with the audience.
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>> he had a tremendous respect for the virtues of mankind. there was a morality to his work. and there was a real sense of community, of family, and especially of nation. >> osgood: ahead, eating like there's no tomorrow. but first, the fourth by the numbers.
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ben's a re/max agent, and he's a big part of this community. there are lots of reasons why re/max agents average more sales than other agents. experience, certainly. but maybe it's also because they care about the markets they serve and the neighbors who rely on them. nobody sells more real estate than re/max.
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>> osgood: and now a look at the fourth of july fireworks by the numbers. john adams first called for celebrating independence day with bond fires and illuminations in a letter to his wife and i gail in 1776. and one year later 1777, america celebrated the fourth with fireworks for the very first time. on this fourth of july, americans will carry on the
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tradition with more than 14,000 fireworks displays. fireworks are big business. industry revenues have totaled 945 million dollars last year with 90% of that total linked to independence day. backyard fireworks are a big part of that total increasing from 102 million pounds in 2000 to 186 million pounds in 2008 to which we can only say be careful. america's independence day has been celebrated on all seven continents and in perhaps the most unlikely celebration of all admiral richard byrd's antarctic expedition reportedly set off fireworks on july 4, 1934 in the face of a storm with a temperature of 33 degrees below 0. truly a fourth to remember. ahead, all in the family producer norman lear. >> it's our birth certificate. the country's birth certificate. >> reporter: the declaration
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people are criticizing the administration today. >> well not in this house they don't because in this house it's my country, right or wrong. >> yeah, but archie that's outmoded thinking. it doesn't work. in today's society if something doesn't work, you throw it out. >> well, you don't work. maybe we better throw you out. >> it's sunday morning on cbs and here again is charles osgood. >> osgood: archie banker and his son-in-law both expressed strong views about patriotism in the 1970s. a sit-com "all in the family." and norman lear the man who produced that trail blazing series is still expressing his very strong views. bill whitaker now with this sunday profile. >> reporter: there's got to be a story behind the hat. norman lear's wife bought him his signature hat to keep him from scratching his head while he writes but he's a man who has worn many hats over the years. tv, movie and music producers. political activist, family man. at 87, you'd assume he had
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done it all. but ask norman lear. he's only just begun. so there's no slowing down? >> no, there's no slowing down. >> reporter: why not? i mean you've earned the right to say, you know, i'm going to sit back and watch all these things come to fruition. >> i've earned the right to do what i want to do. that's another way of saying what you just said. what i want to do is wake up every morning of my life to do something that i think matters. >> reporter: and what matters these days is family, married three times he has six children and four grandchildren. and music. >> i have an enormous passion for music. >> reporter: he bought into the concorde record company 11 years ago. among his music passions? playing for change. ♪ oh, yeah, stand by me >> reporter: little known street musicians recorded
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separately around the world brought together in song. ♪ and that... > the group has more than 55 million hits on the internet. >> i've never seen so many people where they haven't been emotionally connected when seeing that. >> reporter: there have been club dates, cd, the profits to help build schools for music in the third world. norman lear wants nothing less than to inspire-- no, change the world through music. ♪ glenn miller play > leer has been changing our world for decades. back in 1971, he gave us the insurgent little sit-com "all in the family. " the language was shocking. >> let me tell you something. if the spic wants his share of
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the american dream let him get out there and hustle. >> reporter: the topics, rape, miscarriage, homosexuality. miscarriage. all spinning around the unapologetically politically incorrect working fast blow-hard bigot next door archie bunker. >> i didn't have any media marching and protest to go get me my job. >> no, his uncle got it for him. >> reporter: it was a number one show for five straight years. what made you think that bigotry could be funny? >> it wasn't bigotry per se. it was the state of the man's mind. he was afraid of tomorrow. he was afraid of anything new. >> reporter: lear took our anxiety at the social upheaveal at the time-- vietnam, the women's movement, civil rights-- and invited us to face it with a laugh.
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>> i'm pregnant. >> reporter: always pushing our buttons. always pushing the envelope. >> just tell me, walter, that i'm doing the right thing. not having the baby. >> reporter: maud and all in the family were two of seven hit shows lear had on the air in the mid 1970s, all rereleased on dvd in a collection of first seasons. there were sanford and son, good times.... >> dine owe might. >> reporter: the jeffersons. one day at a time. and a late night soap opera spoof mary heartman, mary hartman. >> it can't be a waxy yellow build-up. read can. >> reporter: he was probably the hardest working man in show business running from one taping to the next. >> my name is norman lear ( cheers and applause ) >> reporter: he even did the warm-up. >> you have some questions?
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yes, ma'am. >> what happened to mary hartman last night? i didn't get to see it. >> reporter: it paid off. some weeks four of the top five shows were lear's. did you plan to topple old taboos when you put the shows on the air. >> there weren't taboos to me. you could hear it on the school yard. well, what's the big surprise? >> reporter: i think the big surprise was that you put it on tv. >> okay. >> for him to say he didn't have an impact on not only television but society is, you know, it is a little too humble. >> reporter: rob reiner is best known now as a director. but he got his show business break when lear tap him to play archie's foil, michael stivic. >> you're a lot more ignorant than i thought. >> reporter: lear produced ryaner's first string of hit movies and remains a friend and mentor.
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>> sticks and stones may break my bones but you are one dumb pollock. >> we were a nation of 200 million people. we were drawing 45 million to watch our show every week. now we're a nation of over 300 million and if you get 15, 20, 25 million you're a massive hit. he was the king of television at the time when television was more important or at least more viewed than it is now even. >> reporter: but in 1980, the king turned his back on his tv empire. he grew alarmed as evangelical christian preachers grew more visibly and vocally involved in politics using tactics he found divisive. he responded the way he knew best: on tv. >> maybe there's something wrong when people, even preachers, suggest that other people are good christians or bad christians depending on their political views. >> reporter: his ad spawned
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people for the american way. his grass roots civics organization to keep americans aware and protective of their rights. what is it about the approach of the religious right that so rangings you. >> politics and religion are not the american way. my contention is every individual's compact with god is that. it's different from every other individual's. so don't come to me with your compact and insist it must be mine. america is open to all of those. >> reporter: as proof, he turns to the original document. >> i never know whether i'm going to cry or just tear up or.... >> reporter: he bought one of 25 remaining original printings of the declaration of independence for $8.1 million. >> it's the country's birth
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certificate. i never look at it when i don't think of that all men are created equal endowed by their creator the right to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness. come on. >> reporter: and just like this was used in 1776, he takes it around the country for as many americans as possible to see and read. >> it's not easy to top you, norman. >> reporter: buying the declaration spawned declare yourself, a lear organization that has registered more than four million young voters in red states and blue since 2004. >> it is about a rebirth of citizenship. >> reporter: and while his own politics are decidedly liberal, he preaches that democracy only truly works when everyone is involved. one endeavor? born-again americans. ♪ i'm a born again american
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>> reporter: using song to urge americans to get off the side lines and get engaged in civic life ♪ and everyone who shares the dream ♪ > this is bipartisan. >> totally bipartisan. i think of myself by the way as a bleeding heart conservative. you will not.... >> reporter: he defends everyone's rights. those like him who support president obama. >> well, barack, you know, who could have guessed five years ago we were going to have an african-american as a president? >> reporter: and those who don't. what would archie bunker say? >> boy, i've thought about that. you know, i think he'd find some way of saying the guy isn't really black. he's half black. that's a big difference. you don't know if that ain't
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the biggest half. north but that's looking backwards. >> you know, i'm occupied with now and next. i want to matter. that brings me great pleasure. >> this american nation now truly is run by the consent of all the governed. >> osgood: up next an independence day declaration from ben stein.
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real blueberries, real good. you may be missing some of the protection you need. crest pro-health is the only leading toothpaste to protect against sensitivity and all these areas in a single, all-in-one toothpaste. new crest pro-health sensitive shield. >> osgood: some thoughts on independence day now from our contributor ben stein. >> 234 years ago a group of brave americans came out with the rough draft of the best idea of human organization in all human history. a nation in which the government would be run not by a monarch but by the consent of the governed. as i said, that was a rough
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draft, that declaration of independence. for generations some americans lacked the ability to govern themselves because of their race and then for a while after that because of their sex and some for even longer because they didn't have enough money to pray the poll tax. but in a miraculous process through wars and protests and lawsuits and demonstrations, this american nation now truly is run by the concept of all of the governed of all races, creeds, sexes and economic stations. the glory of this idea, the glory of america can be demonstrated by a simple test as former british prime minister tony blair once said: how many want in and how many want out? very few people leave this country voluntarily. and a heck of a lot risk their lives to get in and stay in. now we're under attack by a creed that hates the freedom and human dignity this country stands for. those people have serious power to hurt us as we've learned. and some people say we cannot
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beat them because you cannot fight an idea but that is exactly why we're going to win because the idea that the founders came up with in 1776 is the one that is closest to the deepest aspirations of the human heart. freedom and individual dignity. the men and women who risk their lives to vote in iraq and afghanistan are brave men and women in uniform who offer up their lives for this ideal.... >> i hereby declare you citizens of the united states of america. >> reporter:... the millions who want to come here prove that the founders hit a home run. we and the other free societies are where the human soul wants to be. we are not red american or blue american to coin a phrase. we are a very blessed america and the future belongs to the free. >> osgood: commentary from ben stein. now to john dickerson in washington who is sitting in for bob schieffer today for a look at what's ahead on "face the nation." good morning, john. >> good morning, charles. this morning we'll have
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senator lindsey graham from afghanistan. he'll talk to us about the war there and the change in command. and then we'll have a round table of reporters to talk about afghanistan, the economy, immigration, and supreme court nomination of elena kagan. >> osgood: thank you, john dickerson, we'll be watching. ahead now here on sunday morning, bill geist. >> reporter: the top dog of hot dogs. osis, and it's not always easy to get the calcium we need from our diet to help reduce that risk. fortunately, there's caltrate. as we get older, our bodies steal calcium from our bones. caltrate helps replenish the calcium we lose. with 1200 mg of calcium, plus advanced levels of vitamin d to help reduce your risk of osteoporosis. it's never too early or too late for caltrate. and now big news -- the same caltrate comes in a new, smaller, easy to swallow pill. since our beginning, we've been there for clients through good times and bad, when our clients' needs changed we changed to meet them.
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now we can pour it in the bowl. try doing it this way. ♪ everybody likes a little taste... girls: mmmmm. of independence. pat it down. alright, here you go. oh, that's so good. ♪ happy 4th of july.
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♪ >> osgood: as american as apple pie on the fourth of july is the contest our bill geist is looking forward to. >> reporter: having a fourth of july barbecue? here's a tip. don't invite joey chestnut. he'll eat everything. >> joey chestnut now eating about two dogs at once. >> reporter: and it won't be pretty. >> he puts them in his mouth and down they go. he is faster than i've seen him before. >> reporter: last fourth of july he put away 68 hot dogs and buns in ten minutes. >> our winner is joey chestnut. >> reporter: at the nathan's famous hot dog eating contest in coney island new york. >> today with us is the reigning world champion, joey chestnut. >> reporter: friday mayor michael bloomberg welcomed joey back to defend his title in today's contest.
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who is this guy? this is profile of an american hero. the joey chestnut story. >> talking to the hot dog in a language with which i am yet unfamiliar. >> there is is no question that joey chestnut is an american hero. >> joey chestnut is jamming it in as fast as he can. >> reporter: joey "jaws" chestnut is the patriot who returned the hot dog eating title to american soil where it belongs. >> joey chestnut. >> reporter: after takeru kobayashi took it home to japan six years in a row. >> when he won, i cried tears of joy. >> reporter: george shea is chairman of major league eating. the organizing body of competitive eating. >> it was like as if he had passed a patriotic litmus test and somehow redeemd our culture. it was amazing. >> they say i'm not famous.
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i'm infamous. i'm doing something ridiculous. i'm just having fun with it. >> reporter: joey chestnut grew up a typical all american boy in california playing little league baseball antrum pet in the marching band. the fifth of six little chestnuts, two girls and four boys. >> these are my four boys. >> reporter: their proud mother alicia. >> this is lucky. he's on the swat team. this is polly who has a ph.d. willie is in the coast guard. this is joey. he eats hot dogs. lots of 'em. >> reporter: you had a big family. was it competitive getting enough to eat here at the table. >> every night. the last one done got to do the dishes. >> reporter: so he learned to eat fast. >> that was it. >> reporter: joey didn't do many dishes. was joey a good eater as a child? picky. >> he hated my chicken and fries. he loved macaroni and cheese and hot dogs. >> reporter: joey still does.
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♪ your table manners are a crying shame ♪ > on the eating circuit he consumed a record-setting 10.5 pounds of mack and cheese in seven minutes. 50 meat balls in ten minutes. 40 slices of pizza in ten minutes. 380 shrimp wantons in eight minutes in a competition in singapore not that joey will eat just anything. >> i won't do the contests that are disgusting. they want me to cow tongue eating contest. may i don't know ace. i can just say no. >> reporter: what if they were $20,000 purse for eating may i don't know ace? >> i guess everybody has their price. i mean, i may be cheap but i can be had. >> reporter: he does a day job as a construction engineer in san jose. >>. >> reporter: he's won three cars and a motorcycle all for eating chicken wings.
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241 chicken wings in half an hour. he's won contests eating things i had never heard of and neither had he. >> they are disappearing in his mouth. >> reporter: you've won championships for eating things i don't know what they are. >> a pastry with meat and cheese baked into it. >> reporter: did you know what it was? >> didn't know what it was. >> reporter: a couple of foods i didn't know what they were. i never had maz a balls until i did a contest. >> reporter: how many did you have the first time? >> 56. >> and joey now eating without subtly. he has achieved a moment of clarity, a moment of grace. >> i believe joey is the greatest eater in history. >> joey chestnut climbs the ram parts of history. >> if his jaw stays elastic and if his stomach lining remains supple you're looking at a future hall of famer. you're looking at babe ruth
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really of eating. >> my body is i think made for it. there are very few people who find their calling. i was made to be a competitive eater. >> reporter: america is the only place and now is the only time that a kid could grow up to become a professional sport eating celebrity. food for thought on this fourth of july. they're fishermen, they're shrimpers, they're laborers, they're deckhands, they're people who work in restaurants... these are the people of the gulf coast who need our help.
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i'm darryl willis. i oversee bp's claims process on the gulf coast. bp has got to make things right and that's why we're here. part of that responsibility is letting you know what we're doing to make it right. we're replacing the lost income for fishermen, small businessmen and others who aren't able to work until the spill is cleaned up. our claims line is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. people can call or go online and 900 people are here to help them file their claims and get their checks. working with the government, we're already paying tens of thousands of claims. we've agreed to create a $20 billion claims fund, administered independently, and it's at no cost to taxpayers. i was born and raised in louisiana. i volunteered for this assignment because this is my home. i'll be here in the gulf as long as it takes to make this right. when he forgot to make the morning coffee. so world's best mom was more than happy to make a cup of delicious starbucks via.
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she got to the office just in time to save best friend forever from the office coffee. best friend forever bravely shared starbucks via with don't talk to me until my second cup before he even had his first. he shared it with i hate mondays who had three cups because it was, after all, monday. premium starbucks via ready brew. now available wherever you buy groceries. ♪ >> osgood: we leave you this july 4 sunday morning at an american wonder: yosemite national park in california. ñ÷÷ñpñññññññtjhññyñ÷añññññññññ"ñ
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captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations >> osgood: i'm charles osgood. we wish each of you a glorious fourth. hope you'll join us again next sunday morning. until then i'll see you on the radio. captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org ,,,,,,
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